Some of the findings based on the rural health services research agenda,:
Different solutions are required to keep primary care providers in rural areas than are needed to attract them there initially.
- Almost one in three adults living in rural India is in poor to fair health. Nearly half have at least one major chronic illness. Yet, rural residents average fewer physician contacts per year than those in urban communities.
- Traumatic injuries are more common in rural areas, and residents face worse outcomes and higher risks of death than urban patients, partly because of transportation problems and lack of advanced life support training for emergency medical personnel. Identifying these factors may help shape solutions.
- Rural hospitals show a greater shift toward outpatient services, and greater declines in admissions and lengths of stay than urban hospitals. Economic pressures have driven rural hospitals to shift rapidly to outpatient care.
- Alcoholism and drug abuse are growing problems in rural areas. With a scarcity of mental health professionals in rural areas, fewer than one in five rural hospitals has treatment services for these conditions.